The question of the collective bargaining obligations of companies remains in the focus of the political discussion. A survey among the VDMA members provides important insights - because in mechanical engineering in Germany, too, collective bargaining is decreasing.
The Grand Coalition wants to change the working hours law. Companies should get more leeway in the future so that they can adapt their working hours to the requirements of increasing digitalisation, demands the VDMA.
Short-time work can be a suitable means for companies, especially in economically weaker times, to reduce costs in the short term and at the same time avoid redundancies and preserve jobs. The brochure summarises the basic principles and legal regulations.
The instrument of short-time working is a popular tool in economically weaker times. Not only the projections of the Federal Employment Agency, but also the ifo business cycle test show that the situation is tense and that companies are thinking about introducing short-time work. However, the mechanical engineering sector is still somewhat more optimistic than the vehicle manufacturing sector and some consumer goods sectors. In addition, very little short-time work was paid out in the mechanical engineering sector in 2018.
Five years after its introduction, trade unionists and politicians have spoken out in favour of a further increase in the minimum wage. The DGB also advocates a Europe-wide minimum wage. The VDMA does not believe in the claim.
According to the idea of IG Metall, a Transformation Short-Term Worker's Compensation (Transformations-KuG) is intended to support companies and employees in coping with technological or other structural change - with the aim of keeping employees in the company and qualifying them for changed and new requirements and activities.
At the beginning of 2019, the state of North Rhine-Westphalia submitted a proposal to the Bundesrat to revise the Working Hours Act (Bundesrat-Drucksache 24/19). The vote on 15 March 2019 did not result in a sufficient majority for the project.
Neither tax concessions nor statutory tariff opening clauses are the right measures to enforce collective tariff agreements. "Politics should better stay out of the collective tariff business altogether," demands VDMA Executive Director Thilo Brodtmann.
The German mechanical and plant engineering industry can draw a proud balance for its companies on the occasion of the vocational training report adopted by the Federal Government on Wednesday: The number of trainees in the German mechanical and plant engineering sector rose again in 2018.
Especially cyclical industries such as the German mechanical and plant engineering industry are dependent on temporary employment in order to compensate for economic fluctuations. Although temporary employment is already regulated by law and collective bargaining law like hardly any other sector, politicians and trade unions repeatedly call for further regulations - up to and including a complete ban. It is a springboard in work, especially for the low-skilled and the long-term unemployed.
"Digitisation must become a top topic in engineering science university teaching", emphasises Hartmut Rauen, Deputy Executive Director of the VDMA, on the occasion of the annual report published on 27 February by the Expert Commission on Research and Innovation (EFI).
The EU Parliament, the EU Council and the EU Commission have reached a preliminary agreement on the Directive on transparent and reliable working conditions within the framework of the so-called trialogue on 7 February 2019. The planned Directive represents a recast of the previous Detection Directive 91/533/EEC.
Temporary work can play a key role in the recruitment and deployment of experts from other EU countries. In many cases, small and medium-sized companies in particular can hardly do without external support in the recruitment processes.
The Corporate Learning Community (CLC) is a non-commercial network of actors in operational personnel development. The activities of the community are aimed at innovative learning. Already in 2018 the VDMA took over the patronage for a so-called Learning Camp.
VDMA and IG Metall have joined forces with the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology in an "industry dialogue" in which they have committed themselves to using the economic opportunities arising from digitisation and artificial intelligence to secure the future of mechanical and plant engineering.
On the occasion of the latest labour market figures of the Federal Labour Office, VDMA Managing Director Thilo Brodtmann demands that temporary employment in the recruitment of skilled workers from third countries should not be ruled out.
The mechanical and plant engineering industry is desperately looking for skilled workers. In addition to a range of other measures such as training and flexible working hours, the immigration of skilled workers from third countries can also alleviate the shortage of skilled workers. The prerequisite, however, is that the planned Immigration Act for skilled workers is designed and implemented in a practical, transparent and unbureaucratic manner.
VDMA Managing Director Thilo Brodtmann has made a clear commitment to collective bargaining autonomy. "It is evidence that employers and employees in general can largely regulate their relationship on their own." At best, the state should set a loose labour law framework, according to Brodtmann.
Thilo Brodtmann, Managing Director of the VDMA, has sharply criticised the pension package passed in the Bundestag with the votes of the CDU/CSU and SPD: "Basically, the money of our great-grandchildren is already being spent today".
The latest labour market figures of the Federal Employment Agency show a rampant shortage of skilled workers. According to Thilo Brodtmann, Managing Director of the VDMA, the Federal Government is jointly responsible for this.
Bureaucratic hurdles for the posting of workers are a burden for the mechanical engineering industry. In Brussels, the VDMA discussed possible easements in the posting of employees with representatives from politics and industry.
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